Pinchas

Pinchas' Reward
25:10 God spoke to Moses, saying,
25:11 'Pinchas (a son of Eleazar and grandson of Aaron the priest) was the one who zealously took up My cause among the Israelites and turned My anger away from them, so that I did not destroy them in My demand for exclusive worship.
25:12 Therefore, tell him that I have given him My covenant of peace.
25:13 This shall imply a covenant of eternal priesthood to him and his descendants after him. It is [given to him] because he zealously took up God's cause and made atonement for the Israelites.'
25:14 The name of the man who was killed along with the Midianite woman was Zimri son of Salu, a prince of the Simeonite paternal line.
25:15 The name of the Midianite woman who was killed was Kazbi, the daughter of Tzur, governor of a paternal line in Midian.

Orders to Attack Midian
25:16 God spoke to Moses, saying,
25:17 'Attack the Midianites and kill them
25:18 since they attacked you through their plot with Peor, as well as through their sister, Kazbi, daughter of a Midianite prince, who was killed on the day of plague that resulted from Peor.'

The New Census: Reuben
26:1 It was now after the plague. God spoke to Moses and Eleazar (son of Aaron the Priest), saying,
26:2 'Take a census of the entire Israelite community by paternal lines, [counting] every male over 20 years old who is fit for duty.'
26:3 Moses and Eleazar the priest spoke to [the Israelites] in the Western Plains of Moab near the Jordan [opposite] Jericho, saying,
26:4 '[Count] those over 20 years old, just as God commanded Moses and the Israelites who had left Egypt.'
26:5 Reuben was Israel's first-born. The descendants of Reuben were the Enochite family from Enoch, the Paluite family from Palu,
26:6 the Chetzronite family from Chetzron, and the Karmite family from Karmi.
26:7 These were the Reubenite families, and their tally was 43,730.
26:8 The sons of Palu: Eliav.
26:9 The sons of Eliav: Nemuel, Dathan and Aviram. Dathan and Aviram were the communal leaders who led a revolution against Moses and Aaron as part of Korach's rebellion against God.
26:10 The earth opened its mouth and swallowed them and Korach when the [rebellious] group died and fire annihilated 250 men. This involved a divine miracle.
26:11 The sons of Korach, however, did not die.

Simeon
26:12 By families, the descendants of Simeon were the Nemuelite family from Nemuel, the Yaminite family from Yamini, the Yakhinite family from Yakhin,
26:13 the Zarchite family from Zerach, and the Saulite family from Saul.
26:14 These are the families of Simeon, [numbering] 22,200.

Gad
26:15 By families, the descendants of Gad were the Tzefonite family from Tzefon, the Chaggite family from Chaggi, the Shunite family from Shuni,
26:16 the Aznite family from Azni, the Erite family from Eri,
26:17 the Arodite family from Arod, and the Arelite family from Areli.
26:18 These are the families of Gad's descendants, their tally being 40,500.

Judah
26:19 The [first] sons of Judah were Er and Onan, but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan.
26:20 By families, then, the descendants of Judah were the Shelanite family from Shelah, the Partzite family from Peretz, and the Zarchite family from Zerach.
26:21 The descendants of Peretz were the Chetzronite family from Chetzron, and the Chamulite family from Chamul.
26:22 These are the families of Judah, their tally being 76,500.

Issachar
26:23 By families, the descendants of Issachar were the Tolaite family from Tola, the Punite family from Puva.
26:24 the Yashuvite family from Yashuv, and the Shimronite family from Shimron.
26:25 These are the families of Issachar, their tally being 64,300.

Zebulun
26:26 By their families, the descendants of Zebulun were the Sardite family from Sered, the Elonite family from Elon, and the Yachlielite family from Yachliel.
26:27 These are the families of Zebulun, their tally being 60,500.

Manasseh
26:28 By their families, the descendants of Joseph were Manasseh and Ephraim.
26:29 The descendants of Manasseh consisted of the Makhirite family from Makhir. Makhir's son was Gilead, and from Gilead came the family of the Gileadites.
26:30 These were the descendants of Gilead: The Iyezerite family from Iyezer, the Chelekite family from Chelek,
26:31 the Asrielite family from Asriel, the Shikhmite family from Shekhem,
26:32 the Shemidaite family from Shemida, and the Chefrite family from Chefer.
26:33 Chefer's son, Tzelafchad, did not have any sons, only daughters. The names of Tzelafchad's daughters were Machla, No'ah, Chaglah, Milkah and Tirtzah.
26:34 These are the families of Manasseh, and their tally was 52,700.

Ephraim
26:35 By their families, the descendants of Ephraim were the Shuthalchite family from Shuthelach, the Bakhrite family from Bekher, and the Tachanite family from Tachan.
26:36 The descendants of Shuthelach consisted of the Eranite family from Eran.
26:37 These are the families of Ephraim's descendants, their tally being 32,500. All these were the descendants of Joseph by their families.

Benjamin
26:38 By their families, the descendants of Benjamin were the Bal'ite family from Bela, the Ashbelite family from Ashbel, the Achiramite family from Achiram,
26:39 the Shefufamite family from Shefufam, and the Chufamite family from Chufam.
26:40 The sons of Bela were Ard and Naaman. These gave rise to the Ardite family, and the Naamite family from Naaman.
26:41 These are Benjamin's descendants by their families, and their tally was 45,600.

Dan
26:42 By their families the descendants of Dan consisted of the Shuchamite family from Shucham. This was the only family of Dan.
26:43 The tally of all the families of the Shuchamites was 64,400.

Asher
26:44 By their families, the descendants of Asher were the Yimnah family from Yimnah, the Yishvite family from Yishvi, and the Beri'ite family from Beriah.
26:45 The descendants of Beriah consisted of the Chevrite family from Chever, and the Malkielite family from Malkiel.
26:46 The name of Asher's daughter was Serach.
26:47 These are the families of Asher's descendants, their tally being 53,400.

Naphtali; Total
26:48 By their families, the descendants of Naphtali consisted of the Yachtzielite family from Yachtziel, the Gunite family from Guni,
26:49 the Yitzrite family from Yetzer, and the Shilemite family from Shilem.
26:50 These are the families of Naphtali, their tally being 45,400.
26:51 The total tally of the Israelites was thus 601,730.

Dividing the Land
26:52 God spoke to Moses, saying:
26:53 Among these [people] you shall divide the land as an inheritance, following a number of names [recorded].
26:54 To a larger [group] you shall give a larger inheritance, while to a smaller group, you shall give a smaller inheritance. Each one shall thus be given his hereditary property according to its tally.
26:55 However, hereditary property shall be granted to paternal families through a lottery system. This is how the land shall be divided.
26:56 Whether a group is large or small, its hereditary property shall be divided by a lottery system.

Tally of the Levites
26:57 These are the tallies of the Levites by their families: the Gershonite family from Gershon, the Kehothite family from Kehoth, and the Merarite family from Merari.
26:58 These are the sub-families of Levi: The Libnite family, the Chevronite family, the Machlite family, the Mushite family, and the Korchite family.
Kehoth had a son Amram.

26:59 The name of Amram's wife was Yokheved, a daughter of Levi, who had been born to Levi in Egypt. She bore Amram's children, Aaron and Moses, as well as their sister Miriam.
26:60 Born to Aaron were Nadav, Avihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.
26:61 Nadav and Avihu, however died when they offered unauthorized fire before God.
26:62 Counting every male over one month old, the tally of [the Levites] was 23,000. They were not tallied among the other Israelites because they were not to be given hereditary property among the [other] Israelites.
26:63 The above was the census that Moses and Eleazar the priest took of the Israelites in the Western Plains of Moab, on the Jericho section of the Jordan.
26:64 Among those [counted now] there was no one [previously] counted by Moses and Aaron the priest, who had taken a census of the Israelites in the Sinai Desert.
26:65 This was because God had decreed to them that they would all die in the desert, and that not a single man would survive, with the exception of Caleb son of Yefuneh, and Joshua son of Nun.

Tzelafchad's Daughters
27:1 A petition was presented by the daughters of Tzelafchad, son of Chefer, son of Gilead, son of Makhir, son of Manasseh, of the family of Joseph's son Manasseh. The names of these daughters were Machlah, No'ah, Chaglah, Milkah and Tirtzah.
27:2 They now stood before Moses, Eleazar the priest, the princes, and the entire community at the Communion Tent entrance with the following petition:
27:3 'Our father died in the desert. He was not among the members of Korach's party who protested against God, but he died because of his own sin without leaving any sons.
27:4 Why should our father's name be disadvantaged in his family merely because he did not have a son? Give us a portion of land along with our father's brothers.'
27:5 Moses brought their case before God.

Inheritance for Daughters
27:6 God spoke to Moses, saying:
27:7 The daughters of Tzelafchad have a just claim. Give them a hereditary portion of land alongside their father's brothers. Let their father's hereditary property thus pass over to them.
27:8 Speak to the Israelites and tell them that if a man dies and has no son, his hereditary property shall pass over to his daughter.
27:9 If he has no daughter, then his hereditary property shall be given to his brothers.
27:10 If he has no brothers, you shall give his property to his father's brothers.
27:11 If his father had no brothers, then you shall give his property to the closest relative in his family, who shall then be his heir.
This was the decreed law for the Israelites, as God had commanded Moses.

Moses Told to Prepare for Death
27:12 God said to Moses, 'Climb up to the Avarim Mountain where you will be able to see the land that I am giving to the Israelites.
27:13 After you see it, you will be gathered up to your people, just as your brother Aaron was.
27:14 When the community disputed God in the Tzin Desert, you disobeyed My commandment [when you were] to sanctify Me before their eyes with the water.'
[God was speaking] of the Waters of Dispute (Mey Meribhah) at Kadesh in the Tzin Desert.

Joshua Chosen to Replace Moses
27:15 Moses spoke to God, saying,
27:16 'Let the Omnipotent God of all living souls appoint a man over the community.
27:17 Let him come and go before them, and let him bring them forth and lead them. Let God's community not be like sheep that have no shepherd.'
27:18 God said to Moses, 'Take Joshua son of Nun, a man of spirit, and lay your hands on him.
27:19 Have him stand before Eleazar the priest and before the entire community, and let them see you commission him.
27:20 Invest him with some of your splendor so that the entire Israelite community will obey him.
27:21 Let him stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall seek the decision of the Urim before God on his behalf. By this word [Joshua], along with all the Israelites and the entire community shall come and go.'
27:22 Moses did as God had ordered him. He took Joshua and had him stand before Eleazar the priest and before the entire community.
27:23 He then laid his hands on him and commissioned him. [It was all done] as God had commanded Moses.

The Daily Sacrifice
28:1 God spoke to Moses, telling him to
28:2 give the Israelites instructions and tell them: Be careful to offer My fire-offering food sacrifice to Me in its proper time as My appeasing fragrance.
28:3 Tell them that the fire offering that they must offer to God shall consist of two yearling sheep without blemish each day as a regular daily burnt offering.
28:4 Prepare one sheep in the morning, and the second sheep in the afternoon.
28:5 There shall also be 1/10 ephah of wheat meal for the grain offering, mixed with 1/4 hin hand pressed olive oil.
28:6 This is the regular daily burnt offering, [the same as that] presented at Mount Sinai as an appeasing fragrance, a fire offering to God.
28:7 Its libation, shall be 1/4 hin wine for each sheep, poured in the sanctuary as a libation, a drink offering to God.
28:8 Present the second sheep in the afternoon. You shall present it [with the same] meal offering and libation as the morning [sacrifice]; it is a fire offering, an appeasing fragrance to God.

The Additional Sabbath Offering
28:9 On the Sabbath day, [you shall present] two [additional] yearling sheep without blemish, 2/10 [ephah] wheat meal mixed with oil as a grain offering, and its libation.
28:10 This is the burnt offering presented each Sabbath in addition to the regular daily burnt offering and its libation.

The New Moon Offering
28:11 On your new moon festivals you shall present as a burnt offering to God, two young bulls, one ram, and seven yearling sheep, [all] without blemish.
28:12 There shall be a grain offering of 3/10 [ephah] wheat meal mixed with oil for each bull, a grain offering of 2/10 [ephah] wheat meal mixed with oil for the ram,
28:13 and a grain offering of 1/10 [ephah] mixed with oil for each sheep. This shall be burnt offering [presented] as an appeasing fragrance to God.
28:14 Their wine libations shall consist of 1/2 hin for each bull, 1/3 hin for the ram, and 1/4 hin for each sheep. This is the new moon burnt offering, for the year's lunar months.
28:15 There shall also be one goat [presented] as a sin offering to God. [All this] shall be presented in addition to the regular daily burnt offering and its libation.

The Passover Offering
28:16 The 14th day of the first month is God's Passover.
28:17 Then, on the 15th day, a festival shall begin, when matzahs shall be eaten for seven days.
28:18 The first day shall be a sacred holiday when you shall do no mundane work.
28:19 As a burnt fire offering to God, you shall offer two young bulls, one ram, and seven yearling sheep, making sure that [all] are without blemish.
28:20 The grain offering that you must present shall consist of wheat meal mixed with oil, 3/10 [ephah] for each bull, 2/10 for the ram,
28:21 and 1/10 for each of the seven sheep.
28:22 [There shall also be] a sin offering goat to make atonement for you.
28:23 [All] these shall be presented in addition to the morning burnt offering that [is offered as] the regular daily sacrifice.
28:24 On each of the seven days, you shall prepare a similar [sacrifice] as a consumed fire offering, an appeasing fragrance to God. This shall be in addition to the regular daily burnt offering and its libation.
28:25 The seventh day shall be a sacred holiday to you, when you shall not do any mundane work.

The Shavuoth Offering
28:26 The day of first fruits is when you bring a new grain offering to God as part of your Shavuoth festival. It shall be a sacred holiday to you when you may not do any mundane work.
28:27 As an appeasing fragrance to God, you shall then present a burnt offering consisting of two young bulls, one ram and seven yearling sheep.
28:28 Their grain offering consisting of wheat meal mixed with oil shall be 3/10 [ephah] for each bull, 2/10 for the ram,
28:29 and 1/10 for each of the seven sheep.
28:30 There shall also be one male goat to atone for you.
28:31 You must present [all this] in addition to the regular daily burnt offering and its meal offering. These [sacrifices] and their libations must be without blemish for you [to present them].

The New Year Offering
29:1 The first day of the seventh month shall be a sacred holiday to you when you may not do any mundane work. It shall be a day of sounding the [ram's] horn.
29:2 As an appeasing fragrance to God, you must present a burnt offering consisting of one young bull, one ram, and seven yearling sheep [all] without blemish.
29:3 Their grain offering of wheat meal mixed with oil shall be 3/10 [ephah] for the bull, 2/10 for the ram,
29:4 and 1/10 for each of the seven sheep.
29:5 [There shall also be] one goat as a sin offering to make atonement for you.
29:6 [All this] is in addition to the new moon offering, the regular daily offering; and their required meal offerings and libations, [which are] an appeasing fragrance, a fire offering to God.

The Yom Kippur Offering
29:7 The 10th of this month shall be a sacred holiday to you when you must fast and not do any work.
29:8 As a burnt offering for an appeasing fragrance to God, you shall present one young bull, one ram, and seven yearling sheep, making sure that [all] are without blemish.
29:9 Their grain offering of wheat meal mixed with oil shall be 3/10 [ephah] for the bull, 2/10 for the ram,
29:10 and 1/10 for each of the seven sheep.
29:11 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering, in addition to the [special] Atonement sin offering. [All these sacrifices] and their libations are in addition to the regular daily burnt offering and its meal offering.

The Sukkoth Offering: First Day
29:12 The 15th day of the seventh month shall be a sacred holiday to you when no mundane work may be done. You shall celebrate a festival to God for seven days.
29:13 As an appeasing fragrance to God, you shall present a burnt offering consisting of 13 young bulls, 2 rams, and 14 yearling sheep, all without blemish.
29:14 Their grain offering of wheat meal mixed with oil shall be 3/10 [ephah] for each of the 13 bulls, 2/10 for each of the 2 rams,
29:15 and 1/10 for each of the 14 sheep.
29:16 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering. This is in addition to the regular daily burnt offering, its grain offering and its libation.

The Second Day of Sukkoth
29:17 On the second day there shall be 12 young bulls, 2 rams and 14 yearling sheep, [all] without blemish,
29:18 along with the grain offerings and libations appropriate for the number of bulls, rams and sheep.
29:19 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering. [These offerings] and their libations shall be in addition to the regular daily burnt offering and its grain offering

The Third Day of Sukkoth
29:20 On the third day there shall be 11 young bulls, 2 rams, and 14 yearling sheep, [all] without blemish,
29:21 along with the grain offerings and libations appropriate for the number of bulls, rams and sheep.
29:22 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering. [All this] is in addition to the regular daily burnt offering, its grain offering and its libation.

The Fourth Day of Sukkoth
29:23 On the fourth day there shall be 10 young bulls, 2 rams, and 14 yearling sheep, [all] without blemish,
29:24 along with the grain offerings and libations appropriate for the number of bulls, rams and sheep.
29:25 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering. [All this] is in addition to the regular daily burnt offering, its grain offering and its libation.

The Fifth Day of Sukkoth
29:26 On the fifth day, there shall be 9 young bulls, 2 rams, and 14 yearling sheep, [all] without blemish,
29:27 along with the grain offerings and libations appropriate for the number of bulls, rams and sheep.
29:28 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering. [All this] is in addition to the regular daily burnt offering, its grain offering and its libation.

The Sixth Day of Sukkoth
29:29 On the sixth day, there shall be 8 young bulls, 2 rams, and 14 yearling sheep, [all] without blemish,
29:30 along with the grain offerings and libations appropriate for the number of bulls, rams and sheep.
29:31 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering. [All this] is in addition to the regular daily burnt offering, its grain offering, and its libations.

The Seventh Day of Sukkoth
29:32 On the seventh day, there shall be 7 young bulls, 2 rams, and 14 yearling sheep, [all] without blemish,
29:33 along with their appropriate grain offerings and libations for the number of bulls, rams and sheep.
29:34 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering. [All this] is in addition to the regular daily burnt offering, its grain offering and its libation.

The Shemini Atzereth Offering
29:35 The eighth day shall be a time of retreat for you when you shall do no mundane work.
29:36 As a burnt fire offering for an appeasing fragrance to God, you shall present one bull, one ram, and seven yearling sheep, [all] without blemish,
29:37 along with their appropriate number of meal offerings and libations.
29:38 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering. These are in addition to the regular daily burnt offering, its grain offering and its libation.
29:39 [All] these are what you must present to God on your festivals, in addition to your burnt offerings, grain offerings, libations, and peace offerings [presented as] a general or specific pledge.

The Shemini Atzereth Offering
30:1 Moses spoke to the Israelites [telling them] all that God had commanded him.

Vows
30:2 Moses spoke to the tribal heads of the Israelites, telling them that this is the word that God had commanded:
30:3 If a man makes a vow to God, or makes an oath to obligate himself, he must not break his word. He must do all that he expressed verbally.
30:4 [This is the law] when a woman makes a vow to God or binds herself by an obligation while still a girl in her father's house.
30:5 If her father remains silent when he hears her vow or self-imposed obligation, then all her vows and self-imposed obligations must be kept.
30:6 However, if he obstructs her on the day he hears [it], then any such vow or self-imposed obligation of hers shall not be fulfilled. Since her father has obstructed her, God will forgive her.
30:7 [This is the law] if she is [betrothed] to a man and is bound by her vows and self-imposed verbal obligations.
30:8 If the men in her life hear about it and remain silent on the day they hear, then her vows and self-imposed obligations must be kept.
30:9 However, if the men in her life obstruct her on the day they hear about it, they can annul her vows and self-imposed verbal obligations, and God will forgive her.
30:10 The vow of a widow or divorcee must be kept, no matter what obligation she takes upon herself.
30:11 [This is the law] if [a woman] makes a vow or an oath for a self-imposed obligation in her husband's house.
30:12 If her husband hears it and remains silent without obstructing her, then all her vows and self-imposed obligations must be kept.
30:13 However, if her husband annuls them on the day he hears them, then all her verbally expressed vows and self-imposed obligations need not be kept. Since her husband has annulled them, God will forgive her.
30:14 Thus, in the case of every vow or oath involving self-denial, [a woman's] husband can uphold them, and her husband can annul them.
30:15 If her husband remains silent for the entire day, then he has [automatically] upheld any vow or obligation that she has assumed. He has upheld them simply by remaining silent on the day he heard them.
30:16 However, if he annuls them after hearing them, he removes any guilt that she may have [for violating them].
30:17 These are the rules that God commanded Moses regarding the relationship between a man and his wife, [and] between a father and his daughter as long as she is a girl in her father's house.

Attacking the Midianites
31:1 God spoke to Moses, saying,
31:2 'Take revenge for the Israelites against the Midianites. Then you shall [die and] be gathered to your people.'
31:3 Moses spoke to the people, saying, 'Detach men for armed service against Midian, so that God's revenge can be taken against the Midianites.
31:4 One thousand from each of Israel's tribes shall be sent into armed service.'
31:5 From the thousands of Israel, 1000 volunteered from each tribe, [a total of] 12,000 special troops.
31:6 Moses sent forth the 1000 men from each tribe as an army along with Pinchas son of Eleazar the priest, who was in charge of the sacred articles and signal trumpets.
31:7 They mounted a surprise attack against Midian as God had commanded Moses, and killed all the [adult] males.
31:8 Along with the other victims, they also killed the five kings of Midian: Evi, Rekem, Tzur, Chur, and Reva, the five Midianite kings. They also killed Balaam son of Beor by the sword.
31:9 The Israelites took captive all the women of Midian and their children. They took as booty all their animals, all their possessions, and all their wealth.
31:10 [The Israelites] also set fire to all their residential cities and fortresses,
31:11 taking all the booty and plunder, both man and beast.
31:12 They brought the captives, the plunder, and the spoils to Moses, Eleazar the priest, and the entire Israelite community, [who were] in the Western Plains of Moab, on the Jericho Jordan.
31:13 Moses, Eleazar and all the community princes went out to greet them outside the camp.
31:14 However, Moses was angry at the generals and captains, who were the officers returning from the military campaign.
31:15 'Why have you kept all the women alive?' demanded Moses.
31:16 'These are exactly the ones who were involved with the Israelites at Balaam's instigation, causing them to be unfaithful to God in the Peor incident, and bringing a plague on God's community.
31:17 Now kill every male child, as well as every woman who has been involved intimately with a man.
31:18 However, all the young girls who have not been involved intimately with a man, you may keep alive for yourselves.
31:19 'You must now remain outside the camp for seven days. Whoever killed a person or touched a corpse must purify himself on the third and seventh days. As far as you and your captives are concerned,
31:20 every garment, every leather article, anything made of goat products, and every wooden article, must undergo such purification.'

Purification After the War
31:21 Eleazar the priest said to the soldiers returning from the campaign: This is the rule that God commanded Moses:
31:22 As far as the gold, silver, copper, iron, tin and lead are concerned,
31:23 whatever was used over fire must be brought over fire and purged, and [then] purified with the sprinkling water. However, that which was not used over fire need only be immersed in a mikvah.
31:24 You yourselves must also immerse [your bodies and] your garments on the seventh day, and you will then be clean so that you can enter the camp.

Dedicating a Portion of the Spoil
31:25 God spoke to Moses, saying,
31:26 'Together with Eleazar the priest and the community's paternal leaders, you must take an accounting of the men and animals plundered as spoil.
31:27 Then divide the plunder equally, giving half to the warriors who went out to battle and the other half to the community.
31:28 'From the soldiers who participated in the campaign, levy a tax to God consisting of one out of 500 of the humans, cattle, donkeys and sheep.
31:29 Take this from their half, and give it to Eleazar the priest as an elevated gift to God.
31:30 'From the half that is going to the other Israelites, take one part out of 50 of the humans, cattle, donkeys, sheep and other animals, and give it to the Levites who are entrusted with God's Tabernacle.'
31:31 Moses and Eleazar the priest did as God had commanded Moses.
31:32 In addition to the goods that the troops had taken as booty, the plunder consisted of 675,000 sheep,
31:33 72,000 head of cattle,
31:34 61,000 donkeys,
31:35 and 32,000 humans (women who had never experienced intimacy with a man).
31:36 The half-portion for those who went out in the army was as follows:
The number of sheep was 337,500,
31:37 and the tax for God from the sheep consisted of 675 sheep.
31:38 There were 36,000 cattle, out of which the tax for God was 72.
31:39 There were 30,500 donkeys, out of which the tax for God was 61.
31:40 There were 16,000 humans, out of which the tax for God consisted of 32 individuals.
31:41 Moses gave the tax to Eleazar the priest as an elevated gift to God, as God had commanded Moses.
31:42 The half that Moses took from the military men for the [other] Israelites as
31:43 the community's portion consisted of 337,500 sheep,
31:44 36,000 cattle,
31:45 30,500 donkeys,
31:46 and 16,000 humans.
31:47 From the humans and beasts that were the Israelites' half, Moses took one out of fifty and gave them to the Levites, who are entrusted with God's Tabernacle. [It was all done] as God had commanded Moses.
31:48 The generals and captains, who were officers over the army's divisions, approached Moses.
31:49 They said to Moses, 'We have taken a census of the warriors under our command and not a single man has been lost!
31:50 We therefore want to bring an offering to God. Every man who found any gold article [such as] and anklet, a bracelet, a finger ring, and earring, or a body ornament [wishes to bring it] to atone for our souls before God.'
31:51 Moses and Eleazar the priest took all the gold articles from them.
31:52 The entire elevated gift of gold that was offered to God [totalled] 16,750 shekels. This was given by the generals and captains.
31:53 The other soldiers, however, took their plunder for themselves.
31:54 Moses and Eleazar the priest took the gold from the generals and captains, and brought it to the Communion Tent as a remembrance for the Israelites before God.
The Petition of Reuben and Gad
32:1 The descendants of Reuben and Gad had an extremely large number of animals, and they saw that the Ya'azer and Gilead areas were good for livestock.
32:2 The descendants of Gad and Reuben therefore came and presented the following petition to Moses, Eleazar the priest, and the community princes:
32:3 'Ataroth, Divon, Ya'azer, Nimrah, Cheshbon, El'aleh, Sevam, Nebo and Be'on
32:4 [in] the land that God struck down before the Israelite community is livestock land - and what we have is livestock.'

Moses Objects to the Petition
32:5 They said, 'If you would grant us a favor, let this land be given to us as our permanent property, and do not bring us across the Jordan.'
32:6 Moses said to the descendants of Gad and Reuben, 'Why should your brothers go out and fight while you stay here?
32:7 Why are you trying to discourage the Israelites from crossing over to the land that God has given them?
32:8 'This is the same thing your fathers did when I sent them from Kadesh Barnea to see the land.
32:9 They went as far as Cluster Valley to see the land, but then they discouraged the Israelites from coming to the land that God gave them.
32:10 God displayed His anger that day and swore,
32:11 'None of the men over 20 years old who left Egypt will see the land that I swore to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, since they did not follow Me wholeheartedly.
32:12 The only exceptions shall be Caleb son of Yefuneh the Kenizite and Joshua son of Nun, because they followed God wholeheartedly.
32:13 God displayed anger against Israel, and He made them wander forty years in the desert, until the generation that had done evil in God's eyes had died out.
32:14 'Now you are trying to take your fathers' places as a band of sinners, and bring yet more of God's wrath against Israel.

A Pledge of Aid by Reuben and Gad
32:15 You will dissuade them from following Him, and He will once again leave us in the desert. Then you will have destroyed this nation completely!'
32:16 [The Reubenites and Gaddites] approached [Moses] and said, 'We will build enclosures for our sheep here and cities for our children.
32:17 But we will then arm ourselves and go as an advance guard before the [other] Israelites, [fighting] until we have brought them to their homeland. Because of the area's inhabitants, our children will remain in fortified cities,
32:18 but we ourselves will not return home until every Israelite has taken possession of his hereditary property.
32:19 We, however, will not take possession with them on the far side of the Jordan, since our inheritance shall come to us on the Jordan's eastern bank.'

Moses' Conditions; Conquests
32:20 Moses said to them, 'If you do that and go forth as a special force ahead of your brothers, [your petition will be granted].
32:21 Your entire special force must cross the Jordan before God, [and fight] until He has driven His enemies before Him.
32:22 When the land is then conquered before God, you may return [home], and you will be free of any obligation before God and Israel. This land will then be yours as your permanent property before God.
32:23 'But if you do not do that, you will have sinned to God, and you must realize that your sin will be your undoing.
32:24 Now build yourself cities for your children and folds for your sheep - but keep your promise!'
32:25 The descendants of Gad and Reuben said to Moses, 'We will do as you have ordered.
32:26 Our children, wives, property and livestock will remain here in the cities of Gilead.
32:27 Meanwhile, all our special forces shall cross over for battle before God, as you have said.'
32:28 Moses then gave instructions to Eleazar the priest, Joshua son of Nun, and the paternal heads of the Israelite tribes.
32:29 Moses said to them, 'If the entire special force of the Gaddites and Reubenites crosses the Jordan to fight with you, then when the land is conquered, you shall give them the Gilead area as their permanent property.
32:30 But if they do not go as a special force before you, then they shall have their property alongside you in the land of Canaan.'
32:31 The descendants of Gad and Reuben responded, 'We will do whatever God has told us.
32:32 We will cross over as a special force to the land of Canaan, and we shall then have our permanent hereditary property on [this] side of the Jordan.'
32:33 To the descendants of Gad and Reuben, and to half the tribe of Manasseh (son of Joseph), Moses then gave the kingdom of Sichon (king of the Amorites) and the kingdom of Og (king of the Bashan). [He gave them] the land along with the cities along its surrounding borders.
32:34 The descendants of Gad built up Divon, Ataroth, Aro'er,
32:35 Atroth Shofan, Ya'azer, Yagbehah,
32:36 Beth Nimrah, and Beth Haran. [These were built] into fortress cities and enclosures for flocks.
32:37 The descendants of Reuben built up Cheshbon, Elaleh, Kiryathaim,
32:38 Nebo, Baal Meon (these names had been changed), and Sivmah. They gave these cities the names that they had when they were built.
32:39 The sons of Makhir (son of Manasseh) went to Gilead and captured it, expelling the Amorites who were there.
32:40 Moses gave the Gilead to Makhir son of Manasseh, and he lived there.
32:41 Ya'ir, a grandson of Manasseh, went and conquered the villages [in this district], and he named them Ya'irs Villages (Chavvoth Ya'ir).
32:42 Novach went and captured Kenath and its surrounding towns, and he gave [the area] his own name, Novach.